What Do You Know About Macbeth?

By | Theatre | No Comments

Macbeth is one of the most interesting plays.

The part of the three witches all through Macbeth is one of directing, not straightforward inner conflict. The witches do not just foresee the future; they take part in it. They can control the activities of Macbeth and other characters by debasing their forecasts. Thusly, all Macbeth’s malicious and wrongdoings can be due to his nearest partners in the play, the witches. By displaying expectations that fill Macbeth with false certainty, the witches shape the decisions Macbeth makes.

Macbeth’s irrationality to defend himself and kill anyone that stood in his way, moved him a step further towards his final fate, when he meets the Weird Sisters once again and is persuaded by their words. He is told to “beware Macduff! Beware the Thane of Fife!”. Upon knowing that Macduff escaped to England, he is angry for not acting quickly enough and announces that “The castle of Macduff I will surprise, seize Fife, give to th’ edge o’ th’ sword his wife, his babes, and all unfortunate souls that trace him in his line”. The evil act of killing an innocent family does nothing to make Macbeth safer, rather it gives Macduff even more reason to search him out and kill him.

In spite of the fact that Macbeth’s enticement began with the expressions of the Weird Sisters; the scourge of his destruction was from his internal battle, and also greed and aspiration. Macbeth decided to follow the path of letting the witches, as well as his wife, persuade him into killing King Duncan which led him to the killing of many other innocent people and finally to his own demise. There is a limit to what the witches can do; they may have told Macbeth he was going to become king, but they did not tell him how. As they say in Act 1, “Though his bark cannot be lost, yet it shall be tempest-tossed”. The witches can predict his future; however they do not have complete control over the outcome of his destiny. Macbeth made decisions freely and fixed his actions that brought turmoil and malicious deeds to himself and everyone around him.

Consequently, in Macbeth, it is not clear whether fate or freewill is what leads Macbeth to do the things he does all through the play. No doubt Macbeth is simply following his fate in the first place, however all through the disaster; Macbeth follows up on freewill on the grounds that he is persuaded he can change the fate the three witches prophesized for him at his own particular will. Macbeth following up on his own freewill is the thing that at last driven him to his death.

The bad decisions which necessarily result in to Macbeth’s death include the assassination of King Duncan, his ignorance to the prophecies of the three Weird Sisters, and the continuous murdering of innocent people. Macbeth had the ability to select his fate immediately he made the decision to stay and pay attention to the witches. Instead of distancing himself from the Weird Sisters, Macbeth decides that their words are important and says, “Stay, you imperfect speakers. Tell me more”. One may suggest that Macbeth’s fate may be set in stone, but it was Macbeth’s chosen path that slowly led him to his final fate – his death.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and firefighters

By | PTSD | No Comments

Did you know that not only soldiers but firefighters very usually have PTSD?

Mental health illness can only be cured through positive mindset, positive thinking, and one’s inner motivation and courage. In addition, the support from the dear ones, and proper medications from the psychologist will heal the inner traumas of depression.  And it seems that such things do not work out for the firefighters who are constantly facing with the issues of mental illness.

There is a need of proper Health Advocacy Program that will focus upon the needs and requirements of these people; they are constantly exposed to working in stress situations. Hence, they get affected with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).  Only providing medicines and recommending certain physical exercises will not solve the issue. There is a need to spread awareness through proper marketing campaign, which we shall discuss in this report.

Public Health Issue 

As per one of the latest research reports provided by the UN in 2012, it was found that the global expenditure for resolving fire emergencies has crossed the mark of $17 billion in annual expenditure. This report was presented in the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) Year Book of 2013.

It seems that these governments are focusing only upon fire-fighting strategies. Despite of this spending, the government is not providing proper support to the firefighters working in different challenging situations.

Also, due to recession firefighters are facing with several financial and healthcare issues. The government did not pay proper attention to their position; instead, it reduced the general spending and continued to spend more and more on other expenses. The US government has even failed to justify the policy objectives when it comes to give aid and assistance to the firefighters.

The firefighters need to be ready to face any situation as per instructions of the government. The firefighters are required to fight any threat of that nation in a given world. The government is not at all serious regarding the spending of huge amounts after these operations. This of course, is not a case of single firefighter belonging to US, is a case of several firefighters, who have been facing with the issues of mental illness.

As per one of the previous research studies, it is found that firefighters just withdraw them from the on-going life situations. The firefighters behave in such a way as if, they are not at all belonging to their respective families, but they are separate entities. They do not enjoy their family lives, and also in some way try to disturb the peace of their respective family. Hence, it becomes important to devise a policy with a complete set of objectives that will help these people to overcome their respective mental health issues.

Description of issue and proposed policy solution

Mental health issues are believed to be a group of diagnoses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV TR) classification system. The key underlying feature of this disorder in any given firefighter seems to be the disturbance in their mood. As per ICD 10, this classification is known as Mood Disorder. It was initially known as affective disorder, but it was then changed to mood disorder, since the condition of an individual refers to the longitudinal emotional state.

The initial term was framed by English psychiatrist Henry Maudsley, where he referred to the state of mind, state of condition, and state of behavior of the given African American individuals to the external expression.

There have been several sub-types of this mood disorder observed amongst the firefighters. The commonly found disorders included unipolar depression, major depression, and several other forms of mood disorder, wherein the given person was experiencing several depressive episodes. The depressive or the mood disorder turns into Major Depression Disorder when, the diagnosis determine successive and recurrent episodes of the depression in the given individual. Some of the firefighters were also found to be suffering from unipolar depression, as their mood was remaining at the bottom pole.

The major symptoms that are leading to such disorders include depression, stress disorder (PTSD), adjustment disorder, and alcohol abuse and dependence. The risk of committing suicide is greatly elevated for these active-duty firefighters since the mental health disorder takes time to get cured.

The firefighters cannot constantly digest the war trauma and the mental stress from the physical and mental health perspective. They will get tired and hence, want to end their lives. One of the recent reports released by the US government in 2013 mentioned that the suicide rates for the firefighters that are deployed is increasing.